Category: greek

Multiple Choice Christmas…

In Greek, no less!


(Swanson’s New Testament Greek Manuscripts, Luke)


Reading for the First Sunday of Advent

1 Καὶ ἐξελεύσεται ῥάβδος ἐκ τῆς ῥίζης Ιεσσαι, καὶ ἄνθος ἐκ τῆς ῥίζης ἀναβήσεται. 2 καὶ ἀναπαύσεται ἐπʼ αὐτὸν πνεῦμα τοῦ θεοῦ, πνεῦμα σοφίας καὶ συνέσεως, πνεῦμα βουλῆς καὶ ἰσχύος, πνεῦμα γνώσεως καὶ εὐσεβείας, 3 ἐμπλήσει αὐτὸν πνεῦμα φόβου θεοῦ. οὐ κατὰ τὴν δόξαν κρινεῖ οὐδὲ κατὰ τὴν λαλιὰν ἐλέγξει, 4 ἀλλὰ κρινεῖ ταπεινῷ κρίσιν καὶ ἐλέγξει τοὺς ταπεινοὺς τῆς γῆς, καὶ πατάξει γῆν τῷ λόγῳ τοῦ στόματος αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐν πνεύματι διὰ χειλέων ἀνελεῖ ἀσεβῆ, 5 καὶ ἔσται δικαιοσύνῃ ἐζωσμένος τὴν ὀσφὺν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀληθείᾳ εἰλημένος τὰς πλευράς.

Septuaginta: With morphology. (1979). (electronic ed., Is 11:1–5). Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft.


11 And a rod will emerge from the root of Jesse, and a flower will come up from the root. 2 And God’s spirit will rest on him, a spirit of wisdom and intelligence, a spirit of counsel and strength, a spirit of knowledge and piety. 3 He will fill him with a spirit of the fear of God; he will not judge according to reputation or reprove according to speech. 4 Rather, he will render fair judgment to a humble one, and he will reprove the humble of the land; and he will strike the land with the word of his mouth, and with breath through his lips he will destroy ungodly things. 5 And he will be girded at the waist with righteousness and enclosed with truth at his sides.

Brannan, R., Penner, K. M., Loken, I., Aubrey, M., & Hoogendyk, I. (Eds.). (2012). The Lexham English Septuagint (Is 11:1–5). Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press.

Aspirations not Realities

DSC00720DSC00726 Reader’s editions are the ultimate proof I think that we buy books more for who we want to be than we are. Here is the most realistic Greek New Testament available, one with Greek text but lots of translation helps. That fits most readers of the Greek NT abilities rather more accurately than full Greek texts.

Recently acquired his one from Amazon. It is the bonded leather edition, lighter and more genuine bible like than the hardback or the paperback. And with three months of New Testament scheduled in Sunday school, it could actually see some use.

A Modest Proposal for a Gift for Your Greek Geek


Start some memes…

Say to pastors, “Never mind your years of Hebrew. What does the Septuagint say?”

Reply to all Logos 5 sales ads, “Thanks, but I’m waiting for Logos 6 when the databases are complete and truly useful.”

Likewise to NA28 sales pitches:, “I’m waiting until NA30 when they redo the entire New Testament, not just the Catholic epistles”.

eSword Bible Software Comes to IPAD as eSword HD

The hugely popular PC bible software has been coded for the Ipad and has gone on sale for a nominal fee (4.99 US) in the Itunes store as eSword HD.  The release is version 1, and only includes English modules (bible translations, commentaries, devotions, word study dictionaries, etc.) but we are all hoping for future versions with Greek and Hebrew, as well as more modules.

Longtime Bible Software Reviewer Ruben Gomez has produced a seven minute quick look at eSword HD for those interested:

As far as  the free PC version, eSword is found here, with literally thousands of extra modules (the huge strength of the program) available for download from Biblesupport. There is also an Android adaptation available as MySword.

My Explanation for the Gospel of Jesus’ Wife AND all New Testament Textual Variants (and gnosticism, too)


Mark Goodacre.


We all know at some point Mark gets/got/ is getting (tenses are hard) a ride in the TARDIS. (See here, for example). I think he dropped his Ipad (Maxi or Mini, I wonder?) in Jerusalem 33 AD or Alexandria 49 AD and some scribe(s) spent the life of the battery copying out what he recognized, NA28 or NA29, Nag Hammadi, Gospel of Jesus’ Wife, etc.  These things spread and we have the remaining bits and pieces of Goodacre’s Bible (so to speak) today.

This is too much, you say? Well, remember there are no more Time Lords to clean these things up, and the Doctor and the Missus probably get a big laugh out of the whole thing. So the timey whimey mess still stands.

So, Mark Goodacre is one giant time loop, as it were, giving himself and the rest of Bible scholars employment. Mark being a modest fellow, he won’t want you to mention it at conferences, meetings, etc. Especially the ones he attends. But the cat is out of the bag now….

“Come along, Goodacre”, it seems, are some of the most important words ever spoken.