Made immortal by Shakespeare, this battle doesn’t get a lot of coverage in my medieval warfare books. It was fought between the forces of Henry IV and Henry “Hotspur” Percy, and was a particularly savage battle. It lasted three hours and saw five thousand of Hotspur troops killed, while Henry IV lost some sixteen hundred men. Prince Hal, later Henry V, led the left of the royalist army and can be said to have won the day by breaking Hotspur’s right and circling round to attack his center.
Archery played a strong role in the battle, Hotspur being killed by an arrow to the head and Prince Henry receiving a very grave arrow wound to the right side of his face, which he ignored until after the battle. You may wonder how, with the full armor and helms two leaders came to be hit in the head by arrows? Because leaders often left their faces uncovered so the men could see that they were in the battle, and hadn’t abandoned them.
It’s said Hotspur attempted to end the battle by killing Henry IV himself, and that several knights in similar coat of arms died in the assasination attempt, either because they were deliberately dressed like the king, or had the misfortune to wear similar livery.
From Military Campaigns of the Wars of the Roses (because Shrewsbury was the first battle to unseat a Lancastrian king, and thus by some accounts, the first battle in the Wars of the Roses):